A. Described Tithes:
- 1. Abram’s Tithe
- 2. Jacob’s Tithe.
B. Prescribed Tithes:
- Levitical Tithes: Leviticus 27:30-33.
- Festival Tithes: Tithes were taken to Jerusalem during one of the 3 pilgrimage festivals.
- Charity Tithes: Tithes were eaten by widows, orphans and strangers within the city gates.
- The rest of the tribes crossed river Jordan
- The Manna stopped falling
- Levitical cities such as Ramoth Gilead, Jazer, Mahanaim, Heshbon, Bezer, Jahaz, Kedemoth, Mephaat and Golan were established east of Jordan.
After The Destruction Of The 1st Temple:
During The Time of Lord Jesus:
Hebrews 7:12 For when the priesthood changes, a change in the law must come as well.
Now the big question?
Psalms 147:19 He declares his word to Jacob, his statutes and rules to Israel. Psalms 147:20 He has not dealt thus with any other nation; they do not know his rules. Praise the Lord!
Buy back option for the 1st Tithe (Levitical Tithe):
If a man decides to redeem any part of this tenth, he must add a fifth to its value.
Buy back Option For the 2nd Tithe (Feast Tithe)
Buy back Option For The 3rd Tithe (Poor Tithe):
Question: Could the ancient Jews exchanged money with money? IMPOSSIBLE!
My Tithing Testimony – Rory O’Moore
by Ronald W Robey
Historical Context Explained For The Malachi Tithe Passages That Is Often Misused By Tithe Teachers.
Contradiction in Tithe Verses in the Book of Nehemiah
2 Chronicles 31:5 And as soon as the commandment came abroad, the children of Israel brought in abundance the first fruits of corn, wine, and oil, and honey, and of all the increase of the field; and the tithe of all things brought they in abundantly.2 Chronicles 31:6 And concerning the children of Israel and Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Judah, they also brought in the tithe of oxen and sheep, and the tithe of holy things which were consecrated unto the LORD their God, and laid them by heaps. In 2 Chronicles 31:11 King Hezekiah gave orders to prepare storehouses. Then Hezekiah commanded to prepare chambers in the house of the LORD; and they prepared them, In 2 Chronicles 31 because of the King’s order, out of fear people brought the tithes DIRECTLY to Jerusalem instead of taking it to the Levitical cities first. In 2 Chronicles 31 King Hezekiah questions the Levites and Priests about the heaps (because it was unusual to bring tithes DIRECTLY to Jerusalem. This was NOT the 2nd tithe which was brought to Jerusalem during one of the festivals and eaten by the tithers themselves. The same thing happened in Nehemiah 13:12 also and it is practically not possible to hold ALL the tithes from entire Judah within a few chambers which were called as store houses. They piled the tithes in heaps as in the days of King Hezekiah. later Nehemiah appointed honest Levites and Priests and regulated the tithing process. It is impossible to assume that Nehemiah would have issued an order to ALL the people of Judah to bring ALL their tithes DIRECTLY to Jerusalem, it would have been a direct violation of the commands in Numbers 18:26 and his own writings in Nehemiah 10:37 – 38 and also adding to God’s commandments which is prohibited in the scriptures (Deuteronomy 4:2).
Nehemiah 10:37-38 And [that] we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.
“Proof” For Monetary Tithing – Lack of Direct Definition Argument
Some of their proofs include:
1. There is no explicit statement in the Bible that tithing was only from food and not from money
2. Abram’s booty consisted of non-food items
3. Jacob’s promised to tithe from all he would get
4. Money is mentioned in a tithing context in Leviticus 27 and in Deuteronomy 14
5. Jews stored silver, gold and other non-food items in the storehouses
6. The self-righteous Pharisee in Luke 18:12 tithed from his salary
7. The Ma’aser Kesofim argument – Ma’aser Kesofim – Hebrew expression for
Let us examine one by one!
1. There is no direct statement in the Bible defining the tithes as money. Tithe opponents take implied meaning by cherry picking the scriptures and derive their own conclusions that tithing is not money to fit their anti-tithing agenda. Without an explicit statement, we cannot come to a conclusion that tithing was only from food.
Well, there is no direct statement in the Bible about the following either:
Nowhere in the Bible, it is explicitly stated that the Canon has been closed
Nowhere in the Bible, it is stated that the Divine inspiration of the written scriptures have stopped after the book of Revelation
Nowhere in the Bible it is stated that Old Testament should consist of 39 books and the New Testament should consist of 27 books and the Protestant Canon is the only acceptable scripture.
Nowhere in the Bible, it is directly stated that slavery is wrong, Christians should not own slaves.
Nowhere in the Bible it is directly stated that God is a Triune God!
There is no mention about pre-trib rapture in the Bible directly or the rapture will happen in 2 phases.
There is no explicit statement in the Scriptures about “assurance of salvation”
There is no explicit statement in the Bible which says “Masturbation is a sin”
So what? Without an explicit teaching from the Bible, most of the tithe teachers believe all of the above or most of the above.
Example of Jesus giving implied meaning:
In Matthew 22:31-32 -Even Jesus told the Sadducees that Exodus 3:6 mentions about the resurrection of the dead. Exodus 3:6 does not explicitly state that dead would be resurrected but mentions about Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the present tense, therefore it implies about future resurrection. That is Jesus’ point.
Therefore there is nothing wrong in concluding that tithes were only from food.
Bible were only from food and livestock and that is the empirical definition based upon the prescriptions given in the Law of Moses.
New Testament Scholar Dr. David A. Croteau spoke at Richland Creek Community Church in early 2006.
4 Part audio series:
1. Introduction to tithing
02/08/2006 Twenty Arguments Advocating Tithing & The History of Tithing: Dr. David Croteau
Play the audio file:
Downloadable pdf/power point presentation:
2. Tithing In The Old Testament
02/15/2006 Tithing in the Old Testament: Dr. David Croteau
Play the audio file directly – Click below:
Downloadable pdf/powerpoint files:
3. Tithing In The New Testament
02/22/2006 Tithing in the New Testament: Dr. David Croteau
Play the audio file directly – Click below:
4. New Testament giving
03/01/2006 The Tithe Fulfilled & Giving in the New Covenant: Dr. David Croteau
Play the audio file directly – Click below:
To hear the interview please click below:
To download the interview please click below:
He did Ph.D. at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, studying under Dr. Andreas Köstenberger.
Dr. David Croteau is the author of
Also Dr. Croteau is the editor of
Perspectives on Tithing: Four Views [Paperback]
David A. Croteau (Editor), Scott Preissler (Epilogue), Ken Hemphill (Contributor), Bobby Eklund (Contributor), Reggie Kidd (Contributor), Gary North (Contributor)
Introduction To Tithing!
Old Testament Tithing!
New Testament Tithing!
New Testament Giving!
Is the New Testament Local Church The Equivalent Of Old Testament Storehouse?
The sentence “the local Church is the New Testament storehouse” has been repeated over and over again by multitude of Pastors all over the world.
Okay, for heck sake let us make the following assumptions:
1. The New Testament local Church is indeed the storehouse and Christians must bring the whole tithe to the local Church.
2. Money was a tithable item in the Old Testament
3. Jews actually tithed ONLY 10% and not 23.3% in the span of 6 years
4. The early Church practiced tithing and the early Church fathers taught tithing.
Let us see how the early Church functioned:
Ephesians 4:11 – And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers.
Ephesians 4:12 – for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ;
Ephesians 4:13 – until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man, to the measure of the stature which belongs to the fullness of Christ.
1 Corinthians 12:28 – And God has appointed in the church, first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, administrations, various kinds of tongues.
Ephesians 4:11 – 13 clearly states that there are supposed to be 5 fold ministries in order equip the saints.
According to 1 Corinthians 12:28 in the Church 1st apostles, 2nd prophets, 3rd teachers and the Holy Spirit skips evangelists and pastors.
Therefore would it not be logical to conclude that apostles collected the money and distributed to the rest of the ministers.
Even the following verses do not mention about pastors and evangelists.
1 Corinthians 12:29 All are not apostles, are they? All are not prophets, are they? All are not teachers, are they? All are not workers of miracles, are they?
1 Corinthians 12:30 All do not have gifts of healings, do they? All do not speak with tongues, do they? All do not interpret, do they?
What we see around us are two man-made systems of church government:
(a) The pyramid system a.k.a . hierarchical pattern. This is a centrally-controlled system headed by a General Superintendent like what we see in the Assemblies of God, Church of God and other similar Pentecostal denominations. Senior pastors in these kind of pyramidal systems consider themselves matured and treat the immatured junior pastors badly.
(b) The independent system. In this system, each church is totally independent, called non-denominational and answerable to no one. One Charismatic religious leader builds an empire collecting all tithes and offerings. He has the ultimate control over all decision making processes. Or a Senior Pastor with many associate pastors under him running a huge religious enterprise. Many Churches that practice the Word-of-Faith theology belong to this category.
Neither of the 2 models conform to the New Testament standards but call themselves as New Testament storehouses.
The pastoral calling is a gift given to the church and not the title of the leader of a church. The leaders of the New Testament church were called elders – not pastors – and there was always more than one elder in every church. There New Testament leadership was always in plural. Now those who think that New Testament Christians need to tithe to their local Church need to answer the following questions:
1. Can the pro-tithers show one Church or denomination that has all 5 fold ministries in it? All we see is a single pastor controlled religious enterprise.
2. How can a single pastor attempt to equip the saints without the help of apostles, prophets, teachers and evangelists contrary to Ephesians 4:11-13?
2. If a Pastor gets the whole 10% what about the rest of the 4 ministerial offices?
3. If the early Church had practiced tithing how did they “divide” the tithes amongst all 5 fold ministers?
4. How did the early Church support miracle workers, ministers who operated in the gifts of healings, helpers, administrators and interpreters of tongues?
4. Since 1 Cor. 12:28 says “first apostles”, did Apostles collect 10% and distributed to other type of ministers. Apostles appointed PastorS (actually elderS). So is it safe to conclude that ONLY Apostles got the tithes and gave a small percentage to Pastors and other ministers?
5. 1 Cor. 12:28 also says “second prophets, third teachers” and it does not even mention Pastors and think about how Pastors could have collected tithes.
6. Also in the early Church pastorS were in plural and no where the Apostles appointed a single pastor to shepherd a Church. So how can it be right for a single pastor to collect the whole tithe?
7. All of us may not agree that the offices of Apostles and Prophets exist today but most of us agree that the other 3 offices do. So should the “teachers” get the tithe first and distribute it to the evangelists and pastors ?
8. Also according to Acts 13:1 same people were holding 2 ministerial offices. In the Church of Anitoch there were 5 individuals holding dual offices.
Acts 13:1 Now there were at Antioch, in the church that was there, prophets and teachers: Barnabas, and Simeon who was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.
Did they get more money for operating in 2 ministerial offices simultaneously?
Later in Acts 13:2, Paul and Barnabas were promoted to hold the office of the apostles!
Acts 13:2 While they were ministering to the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart for Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.”
No where in the New Testament we can find any pastor collecting money neither in the form of tithes nor in the form of offerings.
Malachi 3:10 says “Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse, so that there may be food in My house, and test Me now in this,” says the LORD of hosts, “if I will not open for you the windows of heaven and pour out for you a blessing until it overflows.
In our modern day Churches there is not food for Apostles, prophets, teachers, evangelists, helpers, administrators, faith healers, interpreters of tongues and miracle workers do not get their share. They are at the mercy of the senior pastors. Many fellow ministers are asked to “live by faith” by the senior pastors.
Therefore even if we assume that the New Testament Church is the modern day storehouse, it does not function like a storehouse.
In the New Testament, the Lord’s workers were supported financially in two ways: Some were supported by the gifts of believers, while others like Paul supported themselves.
What a glaring discrepancy from what we see today!
Christians wake up!
The Third Tithe!
Our modern day tithe teachers are leaving an indelible impression in the minds of their followers that the ancient Jews tithed only 10% of their gross income and demand that Christians must also tithe 10% of their gross income to their local Churches.
However, to make such an assumption is totally false and contrary to the scriptures.
There were multiple tithes prescribed in the Mosaic law contrary to popular opinion. Let us focus on the 3rd tithe in this article.
Definition of the 3rd tithe:
After the Sabbatical year, on every third and sixth year the farm owning Israelites must keep the increase of their produce within their gates and distribute it to the Levites, the widows, the poor and the strangers.
The 3rd tithe is also known as:
The Charity tithe / Tithe for the poor / Welfare tithe
Some of the distinct things about the 3rd tithe were, little to no traveling and transportation involved and this is the only tithe for which God promises to bless the works of the giver. No promises were given for the givers of the 1st and 2nd tithes in the Mosaic law. Also after paying the 3rd tithe the tithers were required to offer a specific declaration and a prayer as prescribed in Deuteronomy 26:13-15. There are no instructions in the Mosaic law to offer any specific prayer after paying the 1st or 2nd tithes.
Proof from the law of Moses (Scriptures about the 3rd tithe):
“At the end of every third year you shall bring out all the tithe of your produce in that year, and shall deposit it in your town.”
“The Levite, because he has no portion or inheritance among you, and the alien, the orphan and the widow who are in your town, shall come and eat and be satisfied, in order that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.”
Deuteronomy 26:12 – 15
“When you have finished paying all the tithe of your increase in the third year, the year of tithing, then you shall give it to the Levite, to the stranger, to the orphan and to the widow, that they may eat in your towns and be satisfied.”
Questions and Answers about the third tithe:
1. What was tithable as the third tithe?
* One tenth of the increase in the produce. Money (Shekel) is not mentioned and the cattle are not mentioned either.
2. Who were the recipients?
* The Levites, the widows, the poor and the strangers (aliens) were the recipients and the final owners of this tithe.
3. Where should they bring the tithes?
* Within their gates and within the boundaries of their town.
4. What was the purpose?
* In order that the Lord God of Israel may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.
5. How often it should be paid?
* Every third year, that was on the 3rd and 6th year from the Sabbatical year.
6. Was it redeemable?
* No, it could not be redeemed. It must be given out and no redemption option was specified in the Mosiac law. The third tithe must not be converted into money.
7. When it was paid?
* At the END of the 3rd year.
8. Were livestock involved?
* No, animals were not part of the 3rd tithe.
9. What was the difference between the third tithe and the other two tithes?
Who was Justin Martyr?
Did Justin Martyr record incidents of early Christians tithing?
Justin Martyr – First Apology
Chapter LXVII.—Weekly worship of the Christians.
And we afterwards continually remind each other of these things. And the wealthy among us help the needy; and we always keep together; and for all things wherewith we are supplied, we bless the Maker of all through His Son Jesus Christ, and through the Holy Ghost. And on the day called Sunday, all who live in cities or in the country gather together to one place, and the memoirs of the apostles or the writings of the prophets are read, as long as time permits; then, when the reader has ceased, the president verbally instructs, and exhorts to the imitation of these good things. Then we all rise together and pray, and, as we before said, when our prayer is ended, bread and wine and water are brought, and the president in like manner offers prayers and thanksgivings, according to his ability, and the people assent, saying Amen; and there is a distribution to each, and a participation of that over which thanks have been given, and to those who are absent a portion is sent by the deacons. And they who are well to do, and willing, give what each thinks fit; and what is collected is deposited with the president, who succors the orphans and widows and those who, through sickness or any other cause, are in want, and those who are in bonds and the strangers sojourning among us, and in a word takes care of all who are in need.
In chapter 67 of his book first apology Justin Martyr explains how the early Church collected money.
…And the wealthy among us help the needy
– Tithe collection was not mentioned and obviously no one gave “seed offering”.
…and what is collected is deposited with the president, who succor the orphans and widows and those who, through sickness or any other cause, are in want, and those who are in bonds and the strangers sojourning among us, and in a word takes care of all who are in need.
– No mention about the collection of “His” tithes!!!
There is no proof of early Christians following the “eternal moral principle” of tithing in Justin Martyr’s writings.
Church father Justin Martyr never advocated tithing and the early Christian Church never practiced tithing as we see in today’s Churches.
Justin Martyr – Second Apology
There is no mention about Christians tithing in Justin’s 2nd apology either!
Dialogue with Trypho, the Jew – Justin Martyr
Chapter XI – The law abrogated; the New Testament promised and given by God
But we do not trust through Moses or through the law; for then we would do the same as yourselves.
Now, law placed against law has abrogated that which is before it, and a covenant which comes after in like manner has put an end to the previous one; and an eternal and final law—namely, Christ —has been given to us, and the covenant is trustworthy, after which there shall be no law, no commandment, no ordinance.
These were the statements made by Justin Martyr to Trypho, the Jew which obviously indicate that Justin did not follow the law of Moses!
Tithing Tabular Columns!
Download the comparison chart here:
|~~~~~~~~~~||Levitical Tithe||Festival Tithe|
|Scripture Verses||Leviticus 27, Numbers 18:25-32 and Hebrews 7:5-11||Deuteronomy 12:16-21, 14:22-26, Exodus 23:14-17 and
|Where to Eat||Eaten anywhere in the promised land (only Levites could
|Only Eaten In Jerusalem|
|Who Received||Tribe of Levi excluding Aaronic Priests||All tribes of Israel|
|Final Ownership||90% owned by the Tribe Of Levi and 10% went to Aaronic
|Why||Substitute for Land inheritance||Teach the fear of The Lord|
|Option to convert to money||Add 20% to the monetary value and bring it to Levites||No redemption option specified|
|Further Action||Levites Tithed 10th of the Tithe to Aaronic Priests||No further action – all consumed during festivals|
|~~~~~~~~~~||Levirate Marriage Law – Marrying deceased husband’s male
|Definition||Marrying deceased husband’s nearest male relative if there
are no surviving male heirs
|ALWAYS food, agricultural products, seed of the land,
produce, oil, wine and livestock INSIDE the promised land but
|How it started?||Unknown and no specific reason or commandment given||Unknown and specific reason or commandment|
|Purpose||To continue and preserve the male line of the deceased husband||Levite tithe is to offset the loss of land inheritance for the tribe of Levi & Festival tithe is to teach the fear of the Lord|
|Before the law of Moses||Practiced||Practiced|
|Compulsory or Optional?||Mandatory in many parts of the ancient Middle East||Not compulsory but done as a free will offering or part of a previous vow|
|Incorporation into the Law of Moses||Modified and adapted into the Mosaic law, also affected inter-tribe marriages||Modified and codified into the Mosaic law, different tithes introduced|
|How did it start?||Unknown and no specific reason or commandment given||Unknown and specific reason or commandment|
|Frequency||Does not matter, could happen in any year||6 years of continuous tithing and on the 7th year no tithing|
|Mentioned in the Talmud||Discussed at least in one tractate||Discussed at least in one tractate|
|Question posed to Jesus?||Sadducees posed a specific question to Jesus||No one asked Jesus about tithing|
|What did Jesus say?||Never explicitly abrogated and did not command the Jews to discontinue the practice||Never explicitly abrogated but asked the Jews under the law
to tithe from garden herbs
|Elsewhere in the New Testament||Mentioned only by Jesus and the Sadducees, not mentioned elsewhere||Mentioned by Jesus and mentioned in the book of Hebrews|
|Primary Subject of in the mentioned New Testament verse||No, resurrection was the primary subject when the Sadducees questioned Jesus||No, pride vs. humility (in the parable – Luke 18:9-14),
emphasis on justice and mercy (Matt. 23:23/Luke 11:42) and
|Apostle Paul’s position||Paul never made a statement about the custom of Leverite
|Paul never mentioned about tithing|
|Commanded to New Testament Christians?||No, A Christian woman need not marry her deceased
husband’s nearest male relative if there is no surviving
|No, A Christian is not commanded to tithe to the local
|How today’s Christian church (various denominations)
|No Pastor asks a Christian widow to remarry or ask her to
marry her husband’s nearest male relatives if she does not
have a son even though it is practiced before the law of
|Pastors exhort Christians to give 10% of their gross income
(money earned) stating that tithing was practiced even before
the law of Moses!
|Abraham’s Tithe||Jacob’s Tithe||Under the law of Moses|
|Only Abraham tithed and not his servants||Only Jacob (promised to) tithe and not his sons and
|Only Land owners growing crops and cattle owners tithed to
Levites and Levites tithed to the priests. Poor and workers in
the farms did not tithe
|Only once paid||Promised to pay only once||Levitical and Festival tithes were yearly paid for 6
continuous years and Charity tithes were paid once in 3
|Not from possessions but consisted of war spoils only||Promised to pay from whatever God would give him||Yearly paid Levitical and Festival tithes and Charity
tithes were paid once in 3 years
|Abraham wanted to pay tributes to God and return the rest
to the King of Sodom after rescuing his nephew Lot
|Hebrew language says Jacob had fear and doubts about God
and to manipulate God he made a conditional vow to tithe!
|It was mandatory|
|Voluntary and tithed to Melchizadek and returned 90% back
to the King of Sodom!
|Voluntary but no record of Jacob paying tithes||Compulsory and followed levitical, festival and charity
|Not commanded to tithe||Not commanded to tithe||Commanded to tithe|
|Gave the rest of the 90% to the King of Sodom||Did not give the rest to of the 90% to anyone||Levites tithed 10% to the Aaronic Priests and kept the
rest of the agricultural products and livestock to
|Previous vow||Conditional vow||Not subject to vow|
|Only one variety – war spoils||Only one type||Multiple – at least 3 different tithes specified in the
|Melchizedek was the recipient||No record about the recipient||Levite got the 1st tithe and in turn tithed to the Priests, poor received the tithes and consumed by the owners during festivals|
|Total – 10%||Total – Uncertain||Total – 23.3% (10% Levitical, 10% Festival and 3.33 %
Charity – 6 year average 23.3% & if Sabbatical year included
it comes to about 20%)
|Old Testament Levites||Early Church Pastors||Modern day Pastors|
|Physical Descendents of Jacob’s 3rd Son Levi||One of the five fold minsters||Anyone who runs a Church|
|Got their authority to minister by the commandments given
in the law of Moses
|Appointed by Apostles||Seminary/Bible college qualification or self-appointments
or being the son of a Pastor qualifies them. Some of them do have a
genuine call from God
|Were NOT full-time workers||Most of them were NOT full-time workers||Most of them are full-time workers|
|Received tithes from the rest of Israel||Never received tithes from early Christians but sometimes
accepted free will gifts/offerings
|Most of them receive tithes from modern-day Christians in
the form of money
|Received tithes from the rest of the tribes to offset their loss of land inheritance||Received freewill offerings/gifts for their labor in the Lord||Have an entitlement mentality and force believers to give, sometimes with threats|
|In turn tithed to Priests and the Priests did not tithe to
|Never tithed to any central authority or any
denominational head quarters
|Usually tithe to denominational headquarters or tithe to
their Pastoral friends
|Always functioned as a team||Always mentioned in plural and the Apostles came
|Mostly single pastor controlled systems and pre-eminence
to his family
|Accountable to Aaronic Priests and were not supposed to go
inside the Holy of Holies
|Accountable to Apostles and inter-dependant of other
|CEOs of a religious enterprise, sometimes accountable to
|Only Aaronic priests had special privilege in the
tabernacle and the Levites did not control all the resources
in the religious enterprise
|Apostles had greater authority and followed by Prophets.
No single Pastor and his family controlled all resources of a
|Usually a single Pastor controls all the resources of the
religious enterprise and other associate Pastors and Church
workers are employed by the Pastor
|Only received money when the Israelites decided to redeem
the tithe by adding 20% of the monetary value
|Most of them were in secular jobs and sometimes received
voluntary monetary gifts
|Compulsorily collect tithes from the gross money earned
The Tithe That Binds by Rory O Moore!
The e-book version of this book is available in “.pdf” form and please click the link below to download.
Play Part 1 on-line directly!
Download Part 1 MP3 file:
Play Part 2 on-line directly!
Download Part 2 MP3 file:
© 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 by GeorgeAnn Hughes
All Rights Reserved Worldwide
I would like to thank GeorgeAnn Hughes of “The Byte Show” for giving her approval to upload Rory’s interview about tithing in this blog.
Many thanks to Rory Moore, who is the author of this book for granting me permission to make this e-book available in this blog.
©2009 Rory O Moore. All Rights Reserved.
If Jesus Addressed Matthew 23:23 To Christians…
Matthew 23:23 and Luke 11:42 are the favorite verses for the tithe teachers because in this verse Jesus “commands” people to tithe!!!
“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cummin, and have neglected the weightier provisions of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.
A Word of Faith preacher says the following in this website:
Notice Jesus said, “You should have practiced the latter (justice, mercy and faithfulness), without neglecting the former (tithing)….Some argue that Jesus’ words are not applicable to us today, because Jesus was under the Law and spoke to those under the Law. Their theory goes something like this: Jesus was giving an instruction to the Jews so His words are not binding to us. The problem with this interpretation is that these teachers are bringing Christ down to the level of a Jewish prophet or Teacher of the Law. Jesus is the Word of God made flesh, so this means every word that comes out of His mouth is eternal. He cannot say anything without it being “spiritual law” and everlasting. Jesus emphasizes this point by saying, “Heaven and earth may pass away, but my words will never pass away” (Matt 24:35). These supposed Bible teachers are making the words of Jesus pass away—obsolete and out of date.
If Christians need to use the logic of these tithe teachers, then we should also consider the other saying of Jesus and obey them! Shouldn’t we?
1. Thou shalt not tell anyone about thy healing…
Matthew 8:4 / Mark 8:40-44
Then Jesus said to him, “Don’t tell anyone about this. Instead, go to the priest and let him examine you. Take along the offering required in the law of Moses for those who have been healed of leprosy. This will be a public testimony that you have been cleansed.
And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them: “See that no one knows about this!”
a) Christians are not supposed to tell anyone if they get healed.
b)Take the offering prescribed by Moses to the Pastor of the local Church?
2. Thou shalt evangelize ONLY the Jews and not other people groups.
Then Jesus said to the woman, “I was sent only to help God’s lost sheep–the people of Israel.
3. And say to non-Jews that God’s blessings are not for gentiles.
Jesus responded, “It isn’t right to take food from the children and throw it to the dogs.
4. Thou shalt not proclaim that Jesus is the Messiah to anyone…
Then He warned the disciples that they should tell no one that He was the Christ.
5. Christians must sell all their possessions and give them to the poor.
Jesus said to him, “If you wish to be complete, go and sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”
6. Justification is NOT by faith but by obeying the commandments of Moses!
And He said to him, “Why are you asking Me about what is good? There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.”
So in order to lead an unbeliever to salvation, Christians must ask them to keep the commandments of Moses instead of asking them to trust in Jesus.
7. Thou shalt randomly enter into any house and thou shalt not stay in Hotel rooms!
Luke 9:4 / Luke 10:7
“Whatever house you enter, stay there until you leave that city.
When we go to minister to the lost, Christians should randomly enter into a house and stay if they accept Christians. We should not make reservations to stay in hotel rooms! No continental breakfast and wireless internet for tithe teachers!!!
8. Thou shalt not attend thy Father’s wake/funeral and when thy Father dies, thy shall proclaim the Gospel everywhere!
But He (Jesus) said to him, “Allow the dead to bury their own dead; but as for you, go and proclaim everywhere the kingdom of God.
9. Christians should not carry wallet,money, check book, credit card when they go for ministry!!!
Luke 10: 4
Carry no money belt, no bag, no shoes; and greet no one on the way.
Christians are not supposed to wear shoes, boots and sandals and we should go bare foot while going for ministry. No bags are allowed and we can save on flight ticket. Greet no one on the way…. Christians should not say Hi to anyone on the way, no smiling, no good mornings and no good afternoons.
10. Follow Jesus’ method while evangelizing:
v25 One day an expert in religious law stood up to test Jesus by asking him this question: “Teacher, what should I do to inherit eternal life?”
v26 Jesus replied, “What does the law of Moses say? How do you read it?”
Christians must ask seekers “What does the law of Moses say? How do you read it?”
11. Never invite friends and relatives for lunch or dinner!
And He also went on to say to the one who had invited Him, “When you give a luncheon or a dinner, do not invite your friends or your brothers or your relatives or rich neighbors, otherwise they may also invite you in return and that will be your repayment.
12. Only invite poor, crippled, lame and blind
But when you give a reception, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind,
13. Thou shalt celebrate the passover!
And Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, so that we may eat it.”
All the above mentioned points were uttered by Jesus Himself and we know His words will not pass away even when heaven and earth pass away!
Therefore tithe teachers, why do you need to obey Matthew 23:23 alone? What about the other sayings of Jesus?
Our modern day Christian preachers keep telling us that even the early Church practiced tithing and the Church Fathers were in favor of tithing. Nothing could be further from the truth!
Let us first examine the writing of Saint Irenaeus who was one of the early Church Fathers:
Who was Irenaeus?
Saint Irenaeus, was bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul, which is now Lyons, France. His writings were formative in the early development of Christian theology. He was a notable early Christian apologist. He was also a disciple of Polycarp, who was said to be a disciple of John the Evangelist. His best-known book, Against Heresies (c 180) enumerated heresies and attacked them. Irenaeus wrote that the only way for Christians to retain unity was to humbly accept one doctrinal authority—episcopal councils.Irenaeus was the first to propose that all four gospels be accepted as canonical.
From Irenaenus’ Popular Book – Against Heresies
Chapter XIII.-Christ Did Not Abrogate the Natural Precepts of the Law, But Rather Fulfilled and Extended Them. He Removed the Yoke and Bondage of the Old Law, So that Mankind, Being Now Set Free, Might Serve God with that Trustful Piety Which Becometh Sons.
“And for this reason did the Lord, instead of that [commandment], `You shall not commit adultery,’ forbid even concupiscence; and instead of that which runs thus, `You shall not kill,’ He prohibited anger; and instead of the law enjoining the giving of tithes, to share all our possessions with the poor; and not to love our neighbors only, but even our enemies; and not merely to be liberal givers and bestowers, but even that we should present a gratuitous gift to those who take away our goods”
Please pay attention that Irenaeus saying “…instead of the law enjoining the giving of tithes, to share all our possessions with the poor…”.
Here is another passage by Irenaeus on the same book “Against Heresies”:
Chapter XVIII.-Concerning Sacrifices and Oblations, and Those Who Truly Offer Them.
“And the class of oblations in general has not been set aside; for there were both oblations there [among the Jews], and there are oblations here [among the Christians]. Sacrifices there were among the people; sacrifices there are, too, in the Church: but the species alone has been changed, inasmuch as the offering is now made, not by slaves, but by freemen. For the Lord is [ever] one and the same; but the character of a servile oblation is peculiar [to itself], as is also that of freemen, in order that, by the very oblations, the indication of liberty may be set forth. For with Him there is nothing purposeless, nor without signification, nor without design. And for this reason they (the Jews) had indeed the tithes of their goods consecrated to Him, but those who have received liberty set aside all their possessions for the Lord’s purposes, bestowing joyfully and freely not the less valuable portions of their property, since they have the hope of better things [hereafter]; as that poor widow acted who cast all her living into the treasury of God.
Please notice that Irenaeus saying ” …And for this reason they (the Jews) had indeed the tithes of their goods consecrated to Him, but those who have received liberty set aside all their possessions for the Lord’s purposes…”
Here he contrasts between the Jews living under the law and the New Testament Christians who were living in the liberty of Jesus Christ.
* Irenaeus believed that tithing was part of the law of Moses.
* This statements by Irenaeus proves that the early Christians did not tithe.
* The early Christians believed that they were commanded to share all their possessions with the poor INSTEAD of tithing.
* Irenaeus recorded that the Jews had tithed but Christians set aside all their possessions. He actually contrasted between Old Testament Jews and New Testament Christians!
* Money is not mentioned by Irenaeus at all.
It is interesting to see that these writings appear in his book “Against Heresies“. Irenaenus probably would have labeled all modern day tithe teaches as heretics!
Therefore my friends, please realize that the early Church never practiced tithes and they did not even believe that they were commanded to tithe unlike what our modern day tithe teacher tell us.
May the Lord open the eyes of whoever reads this blog post about the dangers posed by the mammon loving Pastors.
Sources: Continue reading →
If they take Matthew 23:23/Luke 11:42 as a command for New Testament Christians to tithe here are the questions they need to answer:
1. According to the Talmud and Flavious Josephus the Jews practiced
multiple tithes (almost 3). How did the early Christians practice all 3 tithes?
2. Did the early Christians who did not own farms and cattle give 23% of their earned income to their Churches?
3. Levitical tithes were yearly and it went to Levites according to their
locations. Who are the Levites today and who were the Levites in 1st century
4. How did the “NT Levites” take the 10% of the 10% to the “NT Priests”?
5. If the NT Pastor is the priest don’t we have to tithe to the ushers, choir,
greeters and other Church staff members and let them tithe from their tithes to
the (senior) Pastor?
6. Why does the Senior Pastor collect all tithes today and give salaries to the
staff members and leave many Church workers unpaid? The OT High Priests did not
do that. The OT Aaronic Priests received only 1% of the total tithe.
7. In the OT the High Priests themselves did not tithe but why do our modern day prosperity
preachers tithe to their cohorts?
8. Regarding the festival tithe, do Christians need to go to Jerusalem to observe it as the Jews did? What is our Jerusalem now? Did the NT Christians practice pilgrimage to Jerusalem?. The festival tithe must be taken to Jerusalem. If that was prescribed to NT Christians we should make pilgrimage to Jerusalem like the Muslims visit Mecca?!?!?!
9. The 3rd tithe for poor (Charity Tithe): Why don’t tithe asking Pastors give their congregation the liberty to take care of the poor? Why would it go to the benevolent funds controlled by the Church board? Poor people need to go through hoops to get some help. That really complicates the process?
10. Even if we assume that tithing was commanded to NT Christians the pro-tithes fail to consider one important thing:
* The plurality of the NT Church leadership.
Therefore the pro-tithers still would not meet the NT model of tithing even if it was practiced by the early Christian church.
New Testament Christians Don’t Be Deceived By These Mammon Lovers!!!