Tithing Tabular Columns!
Download the comparison chart here:
|~~~~~~~~~~||Levitical Tithe||Festival Tithe|
|Scripture Verses||Leviticus 27, Numbers 18:25-32 and Hebrews 7:5-11||Deuteronomy 12:16-21, 14:22-26, Exodus 23:14-17 and
|Where to Eat||Eaten anywhere in the promised land (only Levites could
|Only Eaten In Jerusalem|
|Who Received||Tribe of Levi excluding Aaronic Priests||All tribes of Israel|
|Final Ownership||90% owned by the Tribe Of Levi and 10% went to Aaronic
|Why||Substitute for Land inheritance||Teach the fear of The Lord|
|Option to convert to money||Add 20% to the monetary value and bring it to Levites||No redemption option specified|
|Further Action||Levites Tithed 10th of the Tithe to Aaronic Priests||No further action – all consumed during festivals|
|~~~~~~~~~~||Levirate Marriage Law – Marrying deceased husband’s male
|Definition||Marrying deceased husband’s nearest male relative if there
are no surviving male heirs
|ALWAYS food, agricultural products, seed of the land,
produce, oil, wine and livestock INSIDE the promised land but
|How it started?||Unknown and no specific reason or commandment given||Unknown and specific reason or commandment|
|Purpose||To continue and preserve the male line of the deceased husband||Levite tithe is to offset the loss of land inheritance for the tribe of Levi & Festival tithe is to teach the fear of the Lord|
|Before the law of Moses||Practiced||Practiced|
|Compulsory or Optional?||Mandatory in many parts of the ancient Middle East||Not compulsory but done as a free will offering or part of a previous vow|
|Incorporation into the Law of Moses||Modified and adapted into the Mosaic law, also affected inter-tribe marriages||Modified and codified into the Mosaic law, different tithes introduced|
|How did it start?||Unknown and no specific reason or commandment given||Unknown and specific reason or commandment|
|Frequency||Does not matter, could happen in any year||6 years of continuous tithing and on the 7th year no tithing|
|Mentioned in the Talmud||Discussed at least in one tractate||Discussed at least in one tractate|
|Question posed to Jesus?||Sadducees posed a specific question to Jesus||No one asked Jesus about tithing|
|What did Jesus say?||Never explicitly abrogated and did not command the Jews to discontinue the practice||Never explicitly abrogated but asked the Jews under the law
to tithe from garden herbs
|Elsewhere in the New Testament||Mentioned only by Jesus and the Sadducees, not mentioned elsewhere||Mentioned by Jesus and mentioned in the book of Hebrews|
|Primary Subject of in the mentioned New Testament verse||No, resurrection was the primary subject when the Sadducees questioned Jesus||No, pride vs. humility (in the parable – Luke 18:9-14),
emphasis on justice and mercy (Matt. 23:23/Luke 11:42) and
|Apostle Paul’s position||Paul never made a statement about the custom of Leverite
|Paul never mentioned about tithing|
|Commanded to New Testament Christians?||No, A Christian woman need not marry her deceased
husband’s nearest male relative if there is no surviving
|No, A Christian is not commanded to tithe to the local
|How today’s Christian church (various denominations)
|No Pastor asks a Christian widow to remarry or ask her to
marry her husband’s nearest male relatives if she does not
have a son even though it is practiced before the law of
|Pastors exhort Christians to give 10% of their gross income
(money earned) stating that tithing was practiced even before
the law of Moses!
|Abraham’s Tithe||Jacob’s Tithe||Under the law of Moses|
|Only Abraham tithed and not his servants||Only Jacob (promised to) tithe and not his sons and
|Only Land owners growing crops and cattle owners tithed to
Levites and Levites tithed to the priests. Poor and workers in
the farms did not tithe
|Only once paid||Promised to pay only once||Levitical and Festival tithes were yearly paid for 6
continuous years and Charity tithes were paid once in 3
|Not from possessions but consisted of war spoils only||Promised to pay from whatever God would give him||Yearly paid Levitical and Festival tithes and Charity
tithes were paid once in 3 years
|Abraham wanted to pay tributes to God and return the rest
to the King of Sodom after rescuing his nephew Lot
|Hebrew language says Jacob had fear and doubts about God
and to manipulate God he made a conditional vow to tithe!
|It was mandatory|
|Voluntary and tithed to Melchizadek and returned 90% back
to the King of Sodom!
|Voluntary but no record of Jacob paying tithes||Compulsory and followed levitical, festival and charity
|Not commanded to tithe||Not commanded to tithe||Commanded to tithe|
|Gave the rest of the 90% to the King of Sodom||Did not give the rest to of the 90% to anyone||Levites tithed 10% to the Aaronic Priests and kept the
rest of the agricultural products and livestock to
|Previous vow||Conditional vow||Not subject to vow|
|Only one variety – war spoils||Only one type||Multiple – at least 3 different tithes specified in the
|Melchizedek was the recipient||No record about the recipient||Levite got the 1st tithe and in turn tithed to the Priests, poor received the tithes and consumed by the owners during festivals|
|Total – 10%||Total – Uncertain||Total – 23.3% (10% Levitical, 10% Festival and 3.33 %
Charity – 6 year average 23.3% & if Sabbatical year included
it comes to about 20%)
|Old Testament Levites||Early Church Pastors||Modern day Pastors|
|Physical Descendents of Jacob’s 3rd Son Levi||One of the five fold minsters||Anyone who runs a Church|
|Got their authority to minister by the commandments given
in the law of Moses
|Appointed by Apostles||Seminary/Bible college qualification or self-appointments
or being the son of a Pastor qualifies them. Some of them do have a
genuine call from God
|Were NOT full-time workers||Most of them were NOT full-time workers||Most of them are full-time workers|
|Received tithes from the rest of Israel||Never received tithes from early Christians but sometimes
accepted free will gifts/offerings
|Most of them receive tithes from modern-day Christians in
the form of money
|Received tithes from the rest of the tribes to offset their loss of land inheritance||Received freewill offerings/gifts for their labor in the Lord||Have an entitlement mentality and force believers to give, sometimes with threats|
|In turn tithed to Priests and the Priests did not tithe to
|Never tithed to any central authority or any
denominational head quarters
|Usually tithe to denominational headquarters or tithe to
their Pastoral friends
|Always functioned as a team||Always mentioned in plural and the Apostles came
|Mostly single pastor controlled systems and pre-eminence
to his family
|Accountable to Aaronic Priests and were not supposed to go
inside the Holy of Holies
|Accountable to Apostles and inter-dependant of other
|CEOs of a religious enterprise, sometimes accountable to
|Only Aaronic priests had special privilege in the
tabernacle and the Levites did not control all the resources
in the religious enterprise
|Apostles had greater authority and followed by Prophets.
No single Pastor and his family controlled all resources of a
|Usually a single Pastor controls all the resources of the
religious enterprise and other associate Pastors and Church
workers are employed by the Pastor
|Only received money when the Israelites decided to redeem
the tithe by adding 20% of the monetary value
|Most of them were in secular jobs and sometimes received
voluntary monetary gifts
|Compulsorily collect tithes from the gross money earned
The Tithe That Binds by Rory O Moore!
The e-book version of this book is available in “.pdf” form and please click the link below to download.
Play Part 1 on-line directly!
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© 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 by GeorgeAnn Hughes
All Rights Reserved Worldwide
I would like to thank GeorgeAnn Hughes of “The Byte Show” for giving her approval to upload Rory’s interview about tithing in this blog.
Many thanks to Rory Moore, who is the author of this book for granting me permission to make this e-book available in this blog.
©2009 Rory O Moore. All Rights Reserved.
If they take Matthew 23:23/Luke 11:42 as a command for New Testament Christians to tithe here are the questions they need to answer:
1. According to the Talmud and Flavious Josephus the Jews practiced
multiple tithes (almost 3). How did the early Christians practice all 3 tithes?
2. Did the early Christians who did not own farms and cattle give 23% of their earned income to their Churches?
3. Levitical tithes were yearly and it went to Levites according to their
locations. Who are the Levites today and who were the Levites in 1st century
4. How did the “NT Levites” take the 10% of the 10% to the “NT Priests”?
5. If the NT Pastor is the priest don’t we have to tithe to the ushers, choir,
greeters and other Church staff members and let them tithe from their tithes to
the (senior) Pastor?
6. Why does the Senior Pastor collect all tithes today and give salaries to the
staff members and leave many Church workers unpaid? The OT High Priests did not
do that. The OT Aaronic Priests received only 1% of the total tithe.
7. In the OT the High Priests themselves did not tithe but why do our modern day prosperity
preachers tithe to their cohorts?
8. Regarding the festival tithe, do Christians need to go to Jerusalem to observe it as the Jews did? What is our Jerusalem now? Did the NT Christians practice pilgrimage to Jerusalem?. The festival tithe must be taken to Jerusalem. If that was prescribed to NT Christians we should make pilgrimage to Jerusalem like the Muslims visit Mecca?!?!?!
9. The 3rd tithe for poor (Charity Tithe): Why don’t tithe asking Pastors give their congregation the liberty to take care of the poor? Why would it go to the benevolent funds controlled by the Church board? Poor people need to go through hoops to get some help. That really complicates the process?
10. Even if we assume that tithing was commanded to NT Christians the pro-tithes fail to consider one important thing:
* The plurality of the NT Church leadership.
Therefore the pro-tithers still would not meet the NT model of tithing even if it was practiced by the early Christian church.
New Testament Christians Don’t Be Deceived By These Mammon Lovers!!!