Tag Archives: tithing

Tithing Study Tabular Columns!

Tithing Tabular Columns!

Download the comparison chart here:

https://tithingstudy.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/leverite_marriage_law_vs_tithing_law.pdf

Levitical Tithes Versus Festival Tithes

~~~~~~~~~~ Levitical Tithe Festival Tithe
Scripture Verses Leviticus 27, Numbers 18:25-32 and Hebrews 7:5-11 Deuteronomy 12:16-21, 14:22-26, Exodus 23:14-17 and
Deuteronomy 16:16
Where to Eat Eaten anywhere in the promised land (only Levites could

eat)

Only Eaten In Jerusalem
Who Received Tribe of Levi excluding Aaronic Priests All tribes of Israel
Final Ownership 90% owned by the Tribe Of Levi and 10% went to Aaronic

Priests

Original Owners
Why Substitute for Land inheritance Teach the fear of The Lord
Option to convert to money Add 20% to the monetary value and bring it to Levites No redemption option specified
Further Action Levites Tithed 10th of the Tithe to Aaronic Priests No further action – all consumed during festivals

Levirate Marriage Law Versus Tithing Law
~~~~~~~~~~ Levirate Marriage Law – Marrying deceased husband’s male

relative

Tithing Law
Definition Marrying deceased husband’s nearest male relative if there

are no surviving male heirs

ALWAYS food, agricultural products, seed of the land,

produce, oil, wine and livestock INSIDE the promised land but
NEVER referred to earned income or money

How it started? Unknown and no specific reason or commandment given Unknown and specific reason or commandment
Purpose To continue and preserve the male line of the deceased husband Levite tithe is to offset the loss of land inheritance for the tribe of Levi & Festival tithe is to teach the fear of the Lord
Before the law of Moses Practiced Practiced
Compulsory or Optional? Mandatory in many parts of the ancient Middle East Not compulsory but done as a free will offering or part of a previous vow
Incorporation into the Law of Moses Modified and adapted into the Mosaic law, also affected inter-tribe marriages Modified and codified into the Mosaic law, different tithes introduced
How did it start? Unknown and no specific reason or commandment given Unknown and specific reason or commandment
Frequency Does not matter, could happen in any year 6 years of continuous tithing and on the 7th year no tithing
Mentioned in the Talmud Discussed at least in one tractate Discussed at least in one tractate
Question posed to Jesus? Sadducees posed a specific question to Jesus No one asked Jesus about tithing
What did Jesus say? Never explicitly abrogated and did not command the Jews to discontinue the practice Never explicitly abrogated but asked the Jews under the law

to tithe from garden herbs

Elsewhere in the New Testament Mentioned only by Jesus and the Sadducees, not mentioned elsewhere Mentioned by Jesus and mentioned in the book of Hebrews
Primary Subject of in the mentioned New Testament verse No, resurrection was the primary subject when the Sadducees questioned Jesus No, pride vs. humility (in the parable – Luke 18:9-14),

emphasis on justice and mercy (Matt. 23:23/Luke 11:42) and
comparison of Levitical and Melchizadek’s priesthood (Hebrews
7:1-10).

Apostle Paul’s position Paul never made a statement about the custom of Leverite
law
Paul never mentioned about tithing
Commanded to New Testament Christians? No, A Christian woman need not marry her deceased
husband’s nearest male relative if there is no surviving

son

No, A Christian is not commanded to tithe to the local
Church
How today’s Christian church (various denominations)
follow both?
No Pastor asks a Christian widow to remarry or ask her to
marry her husband’s nearest male relatives if she does not
have a son even though it is practiced before the law of
Moses
Pastors exhort Christians to give 10% of their gross income
(money earned) stating that tithing was practiced even before
the law of Moses!

Comparison Between Abraham’s tithe, Jacob’s tithe and tithing under the law of Moses
Abraham’s Tithe Jacob’s Tithe Under the law of Moses
Only Abraham tithed and not his servants Only Jacob (promised to) tithe and not his sons and
servants
Only Land owners growing crops and cattle owners tithed to
Levites and Levites tithed to the priests. Poor and workers in
the farms did not tithe
Only once paid Promised to pay only once Levitical and Festival tithes were yearly paid for 6
continuous years and Charity tithes were paid once in 3
years
Not from possessions but consisted of war spoils only Promised to pay from whatever God would give him Yearly paid Levitical and Festival tithes and Charity
tithes were paid once in 3 years
Abraham wanted to pay tributes to God and return the rest
to the King of Sodom after rescuing his nephew Lot
Hebrew language says Jacob had fear and doubts about God
and to manipulate God he made a conditional vow to tithe!
It was mandatory
Voluntary and tithed to Melchizadek and returned 90% back
to the King of Sodom!
Voluntary but no record of Jacob paying tithes Compulsory and followed levitical, festival and charity
tithing systems
Not commanded to tithe Not commanded to tithe Commanded to tithe
Gave the rest of the 90% to the King of Sodom Did not give the rest to of the 90% to anyone Levites tithed 10% to the Aaronic Priests and kept the
rest of the agricultural products and livestock to
themselves
Previous vow Conditional vow Not subject to vow
Only one variety – war spoils Only one type Multiple – at least 3 different tithes specified in the
law
Melchizedek was the recipient No record about the recipient Levite got the 1st tithe and in turn tithed to the Priests, poor received the tithes and consumed by the owners during festivals
Total – 10% Total – Uncertain Total – 23.3% (10% Levitical, 10% Festival and 3.33 %
Charity – 6 year average 23.3% & if Sabbatical year included
it comes to about 20%)

Old Testament Levites, Early Church Pastors And Modern Day Pastors
Old Testament Levites Early Church Pastors Modern day Pastors
Physical Descendents of Jacob’s 3rd Son Levi One of the five fold minsters Anyone who runs a Church
Got their authority to minister by the commandments given
in the law of Moses
Appointed by Apostles Seminary/Bible college qualification or self-appointments
or being the son of a Pastor qualifies them. Some of them do have a
genuine call from God
Were NOT full-time workers Most of them were NOT full-time workers Most of them are full-time workers
Received tithes from the rest of Israel Never received tithes from early Christians but sometimes
accepted free will gifts/offerings
Most of them receive tithes from modern-day Christians in
the form of money
Received tithes from the rest of the tribes to offset their loss of land inheritance Received freewill offerings/gifts for their labor in the Lord Have an entitlement mentality and force believers to give, sometimes with threats
In turn tithed to Priests and the Priests did not tithe to
anyone!
Never tithed to any central authority or any
denominational head quarters
Usually tithe to denominational headquarters or tithe to
their Pastoral friends
Always functioned as a team Always mentioned in plural and the Apostles came
first
Mostly single pastor controlled systems and pre-eminence
to his family
Accountable to Aaronic Priests and were not supposed to go
inside the Holy of Holies
Accountable to Apostles and inter-dependant of other
ministerial offices
CEOs of a religious enterprise, sometimes accountable to
their denomination
Only Aaronic priests had special privilege in the
tabernacle and the Levites did not control all the resources
in the religious enterprise
Apostles had greater authority and followed by Prophets.
No single Pastor and his family controlled all resources of a

religious enterprise

Usually a single Pastor controls all the resources of the
religious enterprise and other associate Pastors and Church
workers are employed by the Pastor
Only received money when the Israelites decided to redeem
the tithe by adding 20% of the monetary value
Most of them were in secular jobs and sometimes received
voluntary monetary gifts
Compulsorily collect tithes from the gross money earned
from believers
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Questions Tithing Advocates Fail To Answer!

Many Unanswered Questions From The Pro-Tithe Camp:
Most of the pro-tithers cling onto Matthew 23:23 & Luke 11:42 and say that even Jesus said
so, therefore the NT Christians need to tithe.

If they take Matthew 23:23/Luke 11:42 as a command for New Testament Christians to tithe here are the questions they need to answer:
1. According to the Talmud and Flavious Josephus the Jews practiced
multiple tithes (almost 3). How did the early Christians practice all 3 tithes?
2. Did the early Christians who did not own farms and cattle give 23% of their earned income to their Churches?
3. Levitical tithes were yearly and it went to Levites according to their
locations. Who are the Levites today and who were the Levites in 1st century
Christianity?
4. How did the “NT Levites” take the 10% of the 10% to the “NT Priests”?
5. If the NT Pastor is the priest don’t we have to tithe to the ushers, choir,
greeters and other Church staff members and let them tithe from their tithes to
the (senior) Pastor?
6. Why does the Senior Pastor collect all tithes today and give salaries to the
staff members and leave many Church workers unpaid? The OT High Priests did not
do that. The OT Aaronic Priests received only 1% of the total tithe.
7. In the OT the High Priests themselves did not tithe but why do our modern day prosperity
preachers tithe to their cohorts?

8. Regarding the festival tithe, do Christians need to go to Jerusalem to observe it as the Jews did? What is our Jerusalem now? Did the NT Christians practice pilgrimage to Jerusalem?. The festival tithe must be taken to Jerusalem. If that was prescribed to NT Christians we should make pilgrimage to Jerusalem like the Muslims visit Mecca?!?!?!

9. The 3rd tithe for poor (Charity Tithe): Why don’t tithe asking Pastors give their congregation the liberty to take care of the poor? Why would it go to the benevolent funds controlled by the Church board? Poor people need to go through hoops to get some help. That really complicates the process?
10. Even if we assume that tithing was commanded to NT Christians the pro-tithes fail to consider one important thing:

* The plurality of the NT Church leadership.

a. In the first century Christianity no Church was run by a single Pastor. The Churches were founded by Apostles and they in turn appointed elder a.k.a Pastors (in plural – more than one). Why can’t the tithe seeking Pastors follow that model today?

b. Also the early Church had all 5 five fold ministries in the Church.
Apostles, Prophets, Teachers, Evangelists and Pastors. Well, we all cannot agree if the offices of Apostles and Prophets exist today but we all can agree at least the offices of Pastors, Evangelists and Teaches exist in our contemporary Christianity. So the point is, even if the early Church received tithes it was divided amongst all 5 fold ministers and the money DID NOT GO TO A SINGLE PASTOR unlike what we see today. The tithing advocates today need to answer this question as well. They are unwilling to accommodate other types of ministries but want to dominate and control the finances which is totally unfair.

c. Many Senior Pastors have their associate Pastors. Most of them are not paid well and some of them are asked to “live by faith”. These tithe hungry Pastors not only forget the poor but also neglect their own staff members. This example was certainly not followed by the first century Christian church.

Therefore the pro-tithers still would not meet the NT model of tithing even if it was practiced by the early Christian church.

New Testament Christians Don’t Be Deceived By These Mammon Lovers!!!

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